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Chapter Summary

The Anglo-American dominance has to a large extent resulted in a focus on how the superior power should exploit his superiority in order to reach his strategic aims. Naval power should be used to establish command of the seas, which in turn would secure own trade and open up for attacks on enemy trade and operations against enemy shores. At first sight the jeune école differs from the dominant maritime strategies by being a strategy for the inferior power. Generally, one can divide the inferior powers' strategies into two broad categories. In the first category we find navies that choose a force structure reflecting that of the major sea power. The fleets are smaller than that of the competing power due to economic and political restraints. The second category is coastal defence theory. Coastal defence has very often been the form of maritime operations given priority in weaker navies.

Keywords: Anglo-American dominance; coastal defence; French Navy; jeune école



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