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The Theoretical Foundation Of The Jeune École

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Chapter Summary

The theoretical foundation of the jeune école was mainly formulated by Théophile Aube, the founding father of the jeune école, and one of its most prominent advocates, Gabriel Charmes. In 1882, on a voyage to the Levant, Charmes had contracted the malady that led to his death a few years later. He met Aube during the latter’s recovery from the illness he had caught in Martinique. Certain historians and officers have wished to attribute some of the more radical aspects of the jeune école’s theories to Charmes. There is, however, little reason to make such a distinction. Setting aside the touch of naïveté that characterized some of Charmes arguments, he and Aube developed a unity of views that makes it difficult to distinguish between the ideas of the two men. The arguments put forward by Charmes in the mid-1880s represented a logical development of Aube’s earlier writings.

Keywords: French Navy; Gabriel Charmes; international law; jeune école; Théophile Aube



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