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Beyond the mainstream

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Chapter Summary

From 1949 until the 1970s, the overall appearance of the contemporary period's literature was one of the integrated natures of literary opinion and writing. However, at certain times and with certain writers, "heterodox" phenomena did appear. During 1956 and the first half of 1957, important changes occurred in the realm of literary thought and creativity. This was a universal phenomenon throughout the "socialist camp" of nations at the time. In China in May 1956, Mao Zedong put forward the slogan "let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend", giving impetus to and supporting latent demands for change in all areas of society. A phenomenon worthy of attention is the great quantity of the approved and recommended contemporary literature that was subject to critical attack and put in a "non-mainstream" position on the eve of and during the "Cultural Revolution".

Keywords: contemporary period's literature; heterodox phenomena; Mao Zedong; non-mainstream position



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