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The literary environment during the 1980s

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Chapter Summary

After the "Cultural Revolution", many writers felt as if they were experiencing a "second liberation", there was a universal recognition that they were standing at a new starting point and that the opportunity of entering into "springtime" of their artistic lives had arrived. The intimate relationship between politics and literature and the tense circumstances, under which it was handled, constrained and regulated the contents of what was written and modes of expression. This special relationship brought glory to some and misery to others; in suffering these setbacks and calamities, this latter group formed a lofty, solemn "self-consciousness". This situation continued to exist to some degree during the 1980s. However, at the same time, writers in China suddenly came across pressure of another nature brought about by the social "transition" in China. This pressure refers to the development of the "market economy" and the appearance of a consumerist society.

Keywords: China; consumerist society; Cultural Revolution; liberation tide; market economy; social transition



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