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Apologies From Bystanders Ten Years Later

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Chapter Summary

By not acting and even withholding all instruments to stop or diminish the ongoing atrocities, the bystander states and bystander international organizations contributed to the killings by allowing the genocidaires to go on. This chapter deals with this remorse and the subsequent apologies that were made by the leaders of some of these states and organizations. It outlines more concrete lessons learned from the Rwandan tragedy. The European Union delivered a statement from the presidency on April 8, 2004, under the title "NEVER AGAIN". In a report consisting of 293 pages, the inquiry commission of the African Union (AU) reported on their investigations on the role of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) during the genocide in Rwanda. The responsibility to protect was put forward in 2001 by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS).

Keywords: African Union (AU); bystander international organizations; bystander states; European Union; ICISS



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