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Chapter Summary

This is the conclusion chapter of this book, which focuses on the failure to prevent the genocide in Rwanda in 1994. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was the first international tribunal in history to convict someone for genocide. The German and Belgian colonial rule reinforced the dominant position of the Tutsi minority in Rwanda. Belgium was primarily concerned about the security of its own nationals, and it did its utmost to achieve a rescue operation. The bystanders at the state level and at the international level did not act in solidarity with the victims. They did not attempt to rescue the victims by preventing or halting the genocide. Evaluating afterwards, it may conclude that these bystanders turned into collaborators who facilitated the genocidaires by not acting against continuing atrocities.

Keywords: Belgian colonial rule; genocide prevention; German colonial rule; international criminal tribunal; Rwanda



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