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Architecture And Architecturaldecoration

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Chapter Summary

The idea of the firmament, which has dominated the ornamentation of occidental domes since antiquity, can be found in medieval Iranian domes. The scheme of the depiction of the cosmos with six planets on domes has been handed down as much as the eight-pointed star which symbolises the four cardinal points of the compass. There are two artistic forms in which Iranian Islamic art surpasses the models of antiquity and later antiquity: these are the "rotating" star with five points in the northern dome of the Great Mosque of Isfahan and the sunburst patterns, the emanations of light of the Safavid domes in Isfahan, which enclose and bind together the space of the entire dome. In works of art, whose foundations rest on mathematical forms, a beautiful cosmos is created, aesthetically unsurpassed, which reflects divine creation and harmony in unique artistic way that could not have been achieved in antiquity.

Keywords: iranian sacred buildings; mosque of isfahan; safavid domes



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