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Access to Environmental Justice in Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)

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Chapter Summary

Malaysia experienced unprecedented economic growth from about 1980, averaging 8.4% average annual GDP growth up to 1997-1998, when economic crisis hit all of South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur (KL) is a socially as well as economically dynamic city in which the definition of poverty is changing rapidly. Public participation and access to environmental justice pursuant to statute is confined to general planning issues: otherwise the regime is one of extra-legal protest. The judiciary comprises the Subordinate Courts, the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Federal Court. The principal relevant environmental functions of the judiciary are enforcement of the criminal law, the correction of civil wrongs, and judicial review of administrative actions. Environmental justice is increasingly being linked to human rights. Many squatter settlements have a relatively good infrastructure, with running water, waste-disposal facilities, electricity and telephones lines.

Keywords: economic growth; environmental justice; human rights; Kuala Lumpur (KL); Malaysia; public participation



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