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Gender And Political Representation: The Question Of Parité In France

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Chapter Summary

This chapter answers the following questions: How was this French backwardness on female political representation to be explained? French women, after all, are no less emancipated than in most other European countries. The explanation has therefore to rely on specifically political factors. And in this situation, how was the radical shift that the parity laws represent possible? Beyond the ethnology of French political culture, is there something that can be learned from the parity debate? It briefly sketches the events that led to the parity law. It then analyses the debate that has taken place and emphasizes the peculiarity of the French discussion on gender in politics. Finally, beyond the French example, the chapter makes some cognitive and normative claims concerning gender and political representation.

Keywords: European countries; French political culture; French women; gender; parity law; political representation



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