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Educating The Nation: Race And Nationalism In Tanzanian Schools

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Chapter Summary

The political dynamic in late colonial Tanganyika offered nationalists explosive choices which laid bare popular and official understandings about the relationship between citizenship, education, and race. In the dialectical encounter between colonialism and nationalism, certain categories like religion, race, and ethnicity became the political bulwark of colonial power. This chapter looks at the changing intersections of state policy on education, nationalist sentiments, and racialised public discourse to address the issue: how to evaluate whether or not Tanzanian Africans and Indians have, to paraphrase the letter-writer, ?travelled in the same boat'. Tanzania's economy collapsed in the 1980s, leading to a new era in the political and economic history of the country, and a reorganisation of schools. Painful cutbacks in social services were the concomitant of the structural adjustment programs of the 1980s, and the axe fell sharply on education.

Keywords: colonial school; late colonial Tanganyika; nationalism; Tanzanian Africans

10.1163/ej.9789004157903.i-280.58
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