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Chapter Summary

Robert Kilwardby (1215-1279) has been described as "one of the most remarkable thinkers of the thirteenth century". This judgment is borne out by the sense of system, the logical acumen, the profound understanding of Aristotelian philosophy, and the interpretive inventiveness displayed in his theory of the syllogism as it is presented in his commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics. At Oxford the Kilwardby produced a quantity of theological and biblical writings. The Kilwardby theological works show an "explicit concern to harmonize traditional Augustinian theology with modern Aristotelian philosophy". Throughout his Prior Analytics commentary, Kilwardby displays a penetrating understanding of Aristotle's philosophical doctrines, and an ability to apply those doctrines in areas where their author did not. To a modern eye, Robert's work reads like a research work whereas Albert reads like a textbook.

Keywords: Aristotle's Prior Analytics; Augustinian theology; Robert Kilwardby



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