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Christianity Or African Christianity? On Christian Identity In Sub-Saharan Africa

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Chapter Summary

Contemporary African theologians have taken a bold step to declare African Christianity a 'new religion' in its own right. Africans are called upon to be truly active agents and not "alien fraudsters" in their theology, Christian life, and welfare. Christian identity was racially determined and conditioned in apartheid South Africa. With more African countries having gained political independence from their colonial overlords, the issue of the relationship between Christianity and the state arose. Christians are identified and united together by the object of their worship, Jesus Christ. The identity of the religion-Christianity-is composed in the person and work of Jesus Christ. Since Africa is defining Christianity and Christianity is defining Africa, there is confusion as to what really identifies them. The interpretation and portrayal of Christ, who gives Christians their own distinctive identity, in African contexts, should not unavoidably lead to a confused Christian identity.

Keywords: African Christianity; alien fraudsters; apartheid; Christian identity; Jesus Christ

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