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Impiety And Religious Dissent

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Chapter Summary

While moderate Hanbalism and Sufism became mainstream trends, members of the radical Hanbali and Sufi traditions were labeled as dissenters, and charged with theological error and impious conduct. Similar charges are advanced and also against Muslims of other affiliations. There are many variations and combinations of those themes in the actual portraits of impious men and dissenters. Improper and provocative clothing was undoubtedly understood as an expression of revolt against established norms and authorities, and perceived as threatening to social identities and boundaries. Ibn al-Salāh al-Shahrazūrī uses the same term - ibahīs, or ikhwān ahl al-ibāha - to denote those men and women who dress like ascetics and participate in sessions of singing and dancing accompanied by musical instruments, which they scandalously claim to be the best kind of worship. In his description they appear as men who reject the authority of the prophets and scholars, hold heretical doctrines and perform.

Keywords: Hanbalism; Ibn al-Salāh al-Shahrazūrī; Impiety; Muslims; Religious Dissent; Sufism



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