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Yajur Veda

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Chapter Summary

In the liturgical Yajur Veda, Sarasvatī finds herself in a highly ritualistic environment. Her waters are barely mentioned, and yet their healing and life-giving properties are embodied in the physician Sarasvatī, and their sound, in her identity with Vāc. The Sautrāmaṇī ritual appears in both the Black and the White Yajur Veda, and is intended to ward off various forms of evil in the sacrificer's personal life and to assure success, victory, and so on. An interesting new development in the Yajur Veda is Sarasvatī's association with the ewe or the ram. While the ewe is offered to her in the Black Yajur Veda in order to obtain her help in matters of speech, for Sarasvatī is speech, the ram is sacrificed to her during the Sautrāmaṇī.

Keywords: ewe; ram; Sarasvatī; Sautrāmaṇī ritual; Yajur Veda



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