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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents some concluding remarks of the book. In the complex and highly organized ritual life instituted by the Kurus in the establishment of their realm in the twelfth to the ninth century B.C.E., speech, which was considered immensely powerful, was of central importance, as the performance and success of sacrifices both depended on flawless utterance. Sarasvatī's increasing involvement with speech was paralleled by a systematization of the rituals performed on her banks. The Sutra of Golden Light, the most significant Buddhist source on Sarasvatī, depicts her, in the earliest extant redaction of the sutra represented by Dharmakṣema's Chinese translation of 417, as the preserver of the flawless speech and the memory of the sutra's expounder.

Keywords: Dharmakṣema; Sarasvatī; Sutra of Golden Light



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