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Display And Performance In Mongolian Cultural Campaigns

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Chapter Summary

The Mongolian People's Republic (1924-90) was regarded as the second socialist country in the world, following the so-called people's revolution of 1921. In 1921 the post-revolutionary civil war in the Soviet Union spilled over onto Mongolian territory and led to incidents which were later defined as the People's Revolution. After 1924 the country was named the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR). Today there is a general consensus among renowned Mongolian historians that considerable social changes were eventually achieved by means of successive cultural campaigns, which proved to be even more effective than revolution or collectivization.Traditional Mongolian concepts of purity did not, however, have much in common with the profane ideal of cleanliness inherent in modernist images of hygiene. The introduction of hygiene concepts was initiated by traveling Mongolian elites at the beginning of the twentieth century. Traditional practices of purification did not involve water, but fire.

Keywords: hygiene regime; Mongolian cultural campaigns; Mongolian People's Republic (MPR)



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