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Competing Factions And Elite Power: Political Conflict In Inner Mongolia

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Chapter Summary

Inner Mongolia has been represented as the site of ancient ethnic conflict between Mongols and Chinese. The New York based Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Centre, for example, refers to the region as 'Southern Mongolia' since it considers Inner Mongolia to be an integral part of the Mongolian nation. In 1979 the Inner Mongolia Communist Party Committee itself estimated that a campaign against suspected Mongolian separatists waged during this time killed over 16,000 people, crippled nearly 90,000 and effected over a million people in one way or another. Inner Mongolia has long been seen as the encounter zone in which 'nomadic' Mongolian and agricultural Chinese cultures meet. Since the nineteenth century, Inner Mongolian nobles had found it profitable to lease or sell lands to Chinese agriculturalists, and this led to a creeping process by which Mongol pastoralists were displaced by Han farmers.

Keywords: conflict in inner Mongolia; ethnic conflict; pastoralists



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