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Ecclesiastical Opponents Of Montanism Ca. 200–324 C.E

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Chapter Summary

Extant evidence of the opposition to the New Prophecy from the start of the third century to the time of Constantine is predominantly non-Phrygian in nature. This chapter identifies and discusses each of the principal opponents of the New Prophecy from ca. 200 until the time Constantine became sole emperor of the Roman Empire. It also categorizes the opponents and the main types of opposition to the movement ultimately called 'Montanism.' As in the case of Syria, it is difficult to determine the extent of active opposition to Montanism in Egypt. The main categories of anti-Montanist activity engaged in by earlier opponents (face-to-face confrontation, ecclesiastical condemnation, and literary warfare) continued into the third and early fourth centuries. However, there are some noticeable differences in the scope of these activities when we compare the earlier with the later period.

Keywords: Constantine; Egypt; literary warfare; Montanism; New Prophecy; Roman Empire; Syria



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