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Church-State Charges Against Montanism Ca. 324–550 C.E

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Chapter Summary

The lack of personal contact between Montanists and most of their post-Constantinian ecclesiastical and imperial opponents has some obvious, but important, implications for the study of opposition to Montanism after 324. As time and geography increasingly separated the opponents from their subjects, they became less and less informed about the theology and practice of Montanism. In order to understand the post-Constantinian opposition to Montanism, this chapter critically examines the accusations and compares them with earlier charges. Because church and state became identified through Constantine, anti-Montanist complaints, accusations, and charges made by both church and state after 324 are treated together in the chapter. Like the earlier complaints, all known post-Constantinian charges are categorized under three main headings: pseudoprophecy, novelty, and heresy. The post-Constantinian ecclesiastical opponents, on the whole, like their predecessors, had no doubt that Montanism was a fake prophecy inspired by an evil spirit.

Keywords: anti-Montanist complaints; church; Constantine; ecclesiastical opponents; fake prophecy; heresy; imperial opponents; novelty; post-Constantinian charges; pseudoprophecy



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