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Montanist Reaction To Church-State Opposition Ca. 324–550 C.E

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Chapter Summary

By the time Constantine became sole emperor in 324, Montanists had already experienced a century and a half of active opposition from local clergy. Montanists had also felt the effect of the persecution of Christianity by Roman society. As individuals, Montanists were deprived of many basic rights and privileges, exiled, and even threatened with capital punishment. This chapter examines how post-Constantinian Montanists reacted to the double opposition from church and state. Montanist reaction to post-Constantinian church-state opposition must have been more extensive than this survey of all the available evidence indicates. All we can say with certainty is that wherever there was a confrontation between later Montanists and their ecclesiastical opponents, the resultant debate would probably have involved the Montanists trying to prove that their practices and doctrines were not anti-biblical but based on the only true exegesis of scripture, namely, that provided by the Paraclete.

Keywords: Christianity; church-state opposition; Church-State Opposition Ca. 324-550; Constantine; ecclesiastical opponents; Montanist Reaction; Montanists; Paraclete; Roman society; scripture



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