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Ecclesiastical Opponents To Montanism Ca. 165–199 C.E

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Chapter Summary

A history of Montanism cannot be written without it being, at the same time, a history of the 'catholic' opposition to the movement. This chapter examines the relevant data concerning the earliest known opponents of the New Prophecy, both within and outside of Phrygia, and challenges some previously held assumptions concerning a number of actual and alleged opponents. It draws some conclusions about the type of people who opposed the New Prophecy and categorize the main forms of anti-Montanist activity. The anti-Montanist activities of the earliest ecclesiastical opponents of the New Prophecy fall into three main categories: personal ('face-to-face') confrontation, official ecclesiastical condemnation, and literary warfare. Various Phrygian bishops confronted the Montanists personally during the earliest stages of the movement. Toward the end of the second century, such confrontations were still continuing - as witnessed by the Anonymous' encounter with Montanists in Ancyra.

Keywords: Ancyra; anti-Montanist activity; ecclesiastical opponents; literary warfare; Montanism; New Prophecy; Phrygia



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