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Secular Conversion As A Turkish Revolutionary Project In The 1930s

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reassesses the meaning and application of the concept of &t;conversion&t; in interdisciplinary humanities literature by investigating the projects and programs of &t;converting&t; the Muslim population of Turkey into a utopian secular &t;Kemalist&t; society during the 1930s. It examines the political appeal of the metaphor and process of conversion for the secularist elite of Republican Turkey. The chapter argues that Turkish secularization has its own peculiar pattern though its peculiarity was mainly based on its appropriation of the French legacy and modification of French secularity tradition for its domestic context. Secular conversion in Turkey in the 1930s was the artifact of the combination of the French legacy with the appropriation of the "political religion" embraced by the rising totalitarian regimes of the 1930s.

Keywords: French legacy; Kemalist society; secular conversion; Turkish Revolutionary project



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