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Some Consideration on the Building of an Ottoman Public Identity in the Nineteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes a series of experiments with eventually cumulative force, a series that originated among the reformist officials of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century. These experiments were targeted to what is now seen as gradual moves to construct an Ottoman collective identity. The chapter presents a theme that explains the many-tiered linkages among print, language, the political establishment, and reform by invoking the concept of a public. It discusses three strategies for the formation of an Ottoman Public. The chapter talks about Sultan Mahmud II, a promoter of the nineteenth-century Ottoman reform movement. A political theory gathered from Ibrahim Şinasi's journalistic writing provides a much clearer image of the Ottoman public than the Tanzimat rescript.

Keywords: Ibrahim Şinasi; Ottoman public identity; Ottoman reform movement; Sultan Mahmud II; Tanzimat rescript



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