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Protocol II, the CDDH and Colombia

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the process of actualisation of Protocol II with focus on one particular country, namely, Colombia. The reasons for this choice are the following: Like other Latin-American countries, Colombia for decades has been the scene of internal armed conflict. Again like its neighbours, at the time of the Diplomatic Conference on the Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conflicts (CDDH) it had serious misgivings about certain essential features of Protocol II. The step from Colombia's initial refusal even to sign the Protocols of 1977 to its unqualified adherence to these instruments, completed with acceptance of the competence of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC), surely qualifies as a quantum jump. Finally, there is progress in the Colombian efforts to improve the state of implementation of international humanitarian law.

Keywords: CDDH; Colombia; internal armed conflict; International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC); international humanitarian law; Latin-American countries



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