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Social change, misogyny, and the Maqāma in Jaume Roig's spill

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Chapter Summary

This chapter addresses the formal and thematic similarities between the Spill and the maqāma, paying particular attention to the possibility that Jaume Roig may have been exposed to Hebrew maqāma through social contact with numerous Jewish and/or converso physicians in Valencia with whom he was acquainted. It discusses the question of the social angst generated by the rise of the Valencian bourgeois, in which the local converso population played no small part. The chapter argues that in the Spill this angst takes the shape of a relentless misogyny, a trope well familiar to fifteenth-century Iberian readers and authors. Roig contributed to Peninsular traditions of frametale and misogynist literature expressed first in Hebrew and Latin, and later in Castilian and Catalan. Roig's Valencia was a society in the throes of a social transformation in which the feudal system was being replaced with a new bourgeois order.

Keywords: converso physicians; Hebrew maqama; Jaume Roig; Jewish physicians; misogyny; social change; Spill; Valencian bourgeois



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