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The history of buddhism among the mongols

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Chapter Summary

The Mongols entered upon the stage of world history when, in 1206, Cinggis Khan united the Mongolian and Turkic tribes of Northern Mongolia to form a Mongolian state, which was soon to become one of the greatest world empires. Buddhism reached the Mongols from four different directions: from the Uighurs, from the Tanguts, from Tibet and from China. The high degree of esteem which Qubilai held for 'Phags-pa's abilities is attested by the fact that he engaged him in an attempt to solve the long-lasting conflict between Daoists and Buddhists that constituted a serious threat to the internal peace in the Mongolian empire. In 1566, Altan Khan (1507-1582), the powerful ruler of the Southwestern Mongolian Tümed, sent his nephew Qututai Secen Qongtayiúi (1540-1586) on a military mission to Northeastern Tibet.

Keywords: 'Phags-pa's; Altan Khan; Buddhism; Cinggis Khan; History; Mongols; Northeastern Tibet; Qubilai; Turkic tribes



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