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Modality In Negative Complement Clauses After Governing Predicates

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Chapter Summary

Among the operations carried out on transitive predicates that may determine or affect the modal profile of their complement clauses, negation is one of the most important. As seen, in all languages including Earlier Egyptian negation of the matrix verb as well as their inherent negative-like properties such as 'negative implicativity' may render the complement non-assertable to the speaker or variously delimit its assertability. Like their affirmative counterparts, asserted negative complement clauses after verbs are in Earlier Egyptian introduced by a specific element which functions as a marker of modal realis. It is thus clear that in complementation after verbs, iwt is no more a 'nominaliser' than is ntt before an n-negation or than tm and nfr-n are 'nominal negations'. The existence in Earlier Egyptian of grammaticalised verbs for negation is an unusual feature cross-linguistically, and their employment for a special modal purpose is highly original.

Keywords: Earlier Egyptian grammar; governing predicates; negative complement clauses

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