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Chapter Summary

This chapter seeks to elevate the role of modality in Egyptological linguistics by proposing a novel, semantic-pragmatically based analysis of the grammar of Earlier Egyptian complementation, with a focus on fully clausal complements. It discusses hypotheses on tempus/aspect and on the other semanticpragmatic characteristics of Earlier Egyptian complementation. The chapter argues that instead of syntactic characteristics of the forms and constructions employed, the grammatical organisation of Earlier Egyptian complement clauses is based on modality and differentiation between asserted and non-asserted complements. It seeks to build on Allen's original insight, but treats form as strictly isomorphic of semantic-pragmatic and syntactic function, which relate to use instead. The chapter focuses mostly on mutable roots, which show clear formal differentiation between the distal and proximal irrealis functions. Finally, it has a strongly philological and example-based focus.

Keywords: earlier Egyptian complementation; egyptological linguistics; fully clausal complements; grammatical organisation



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