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Affirmative Object Complementation After Notionally Assertive Verbs

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Chapter Summary

For modal analysis of Earlier Egyptian affirmative object complement clauses and complementation more generally, the notionally assertive verbs of locution, perception and cognition are of decisive importance. The sophisticated conveying of information about the commitment and acceptance in Earlier Egyptian is paralleled by the use of mood in modern languages; for example, in Italian and German: Thus, in Classical Middle Egyptian, with its system of quoting speech directly, the Latin-style 'highly developed indirect speech' referred to by Gardiner is an indication of irrealis modality and speaker non-assertion of the complement. Also in Earlier Egyptian complement clauses, irrealis and realis are mobilised to signal differences in the relative salience of the information conveyed as evaluated by the speaker. The status of the bare unmarked forms and construals in the wider system of Earlier Egyptian modality is also linked to the semantic-pragmatic role of auxiliaries and other initial elements with similar functions.

Keywords: affirmative object complementation; assertive verbs; earlier Egyptian complement



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