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Rumeli between Emir Süleyman and Musa Çelebi (1409? – 17 February 1411)

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Chapter Summary

While the timing of Musa Çelebi's crossing to Wallachia is unknown, his first activities in Rumeli took place after September of 1409. Apart from Wallachia and Byzantium, the Turkish raiders and provincial cavalry of Rumeli also played an essential part in Musa's rise to power. These people were displeased with Emir Süleyman’s peaceful policies toward the Christians, which had robbed them of their livelihood. Musa’s target was not only Süleyman’s army and administration, but his whole regime in Rumeli, which included the Christian powers to which Süleyman had made concessions in 1403. Konstantin the Philosopher presents Musa's seizure of Rumeli as a gradual process of winning over its leaders and factions. The sequence of events between the Battle of Edirne (11 July 1410) and Musa’s final confrontation with Süleyman that ended with his victory and Süleyman’s death (17 February 1411) appears somewhat confused in the sources.

Keywords: Battle of Edirne; Emir Süleyman; Konstantin; Musa Çelebi; Rumeli; Wallachia



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