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The reign of Musa Çelebi and the end of the Civil War (17 February 1411 – 5 July 1413)

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Chapter Summary

Musa Çelebi’s victory over Emir Süleyman resulted in a reversal of Süleyman’s conciliatory policies toward the Christian powers of Rumeli. Musa's policies followed well-established Ottoman methods of conquest, which differentiated between vassal states such as Serbia and Byzantium that were to be absorbed into direct Ottoman administration, and borderland regions where the Ottomans made alliances with local lords against their enemies in an effort to gain new vassals and extend their sphere of influence. By 12 August 1411, Musa was outside the walls of Constantinople. But by 3 August he had moved to Selymbria. The occasion for Musa's attack on Selymbria that had begun by 3 September appears to have been an attempt on Manuel Palaiologos'.

Keywords: Byzantium; Emir Süleyman; Musa Çelebi; Rumeli



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