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The principle of charity and the creation of canonical culture

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Chapter Summary

By the end of the fifth/eleventh century, the Ṣaḥῑḥayn had become synonymous with authenticity in Sunni discussions of the Prophet's legacy as well as an exemplum of excellence in hadith scholarship. The institution of the canon, however, faced potent challenges from two different fronts. First, the pre-canonical past of the two works was fraught with fissures. Second, there existed inconsistencies between al-Bukhari's and Muslim's work on the one hand and the conventions of hadlth criticism on the other. The Ṣaḥῑḥayn are shown as the products of almost superhuman scholarly and pietistic effort. In the maintenance of the Ṣaḥῑḥayn canonical culture, we see a direct correspondence between the canonicity of these texts and the amount of charity they are afforded. Al-Nawawi inherited his master's agenda, replicating his arguments and reinforcing the canonical edifice.

Keywords: Ṣaḥῑḥayn canonical culture; al-Bukhari; charity; fifth/eleventh century; hadith scholarship; Muslim

10.1163/ej.9789004158399.i-431.70
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004158399.i-431.70
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