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Chapter Summary

This chapter summarizes the results of this study in a manner useful to students of Islamic civilization and its magnificent tradition of hadith scholarship. It attempts to use the questions raised on the Ṣaḥῑḥayn canon as a framework for summarizing the conclusion of this study. The questions explored are: Why the Ṣaḥῑḥayn and not other books? What forces led to the canonization of the Ṣaḥῑḥayn? Why did the canon form at the beginning of the 5th/11th Century? Was the Ṣaḥῑḥayn canon the product of or limited to a specific region? This chapter asserts that canons form at the nexus of text, authority and communal identification. Perhaps, however, the question of the canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim reminds us that such a distant and fantastic past is not actually far removed from us today. The Ṣaḥῑḥayn canon was shaped by communal needs and priorities as they shifted over time.

Keywords: Ṣaḥῑḥayn canon; al-Bukhari; hadith scholarship; Muslim



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