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The juridical eschatological prophet in the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

Community (1QS) 9:11 and 4QTestimonia (4Q175), like much of the Second Temple period evidence regarding the eschatological prophet, provide little information concerning the role and responsibilities of the prophet expected at the end of days. This chapter argues that these two texts present for the first time the concept of the prophet as precursor to the messiah(s). Some of the post-Hebrew Bible traditions, particularly 1Maccabees, begin to identify a juridical role for the prophet at the end of days. 4QTestimonia, following the exegetical tradition represented by the alignment of MT Deuteronomy 5:25-26 and 18:18- 19, provides a general understanding of the prophet as lawgiver. The image of the eschatological prophet in the Dead Sea Scrolls is grounded in the scriptural traditions and their heirs in Second Temple Judaism, and introduces new developments consistent with contemporary eschatological speculation.

Keywords: 4QTestimonia (4Q175); Community (1QS); Dead Sea Scrolls; Deuteronomy; Juridical Eschatological Prophet; Maccabees; Messiah; second temple Judaism



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