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The eschatological prophet of consolation in the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

The sectarian conception of the eschatological prophet appears in one additional document: 11QMelchizedek (11Q13). This chapter provides a brief introduction to the contents of the text. It pays close attention to the immediate context where this prophet appears. This analysis facilitates the understanding of the character and role of this eschatological prophet. The relationship between the prophet in this text and the presentation of the eschatological prophet as found in the Rule of the Community and 4QTestimonia is then addressed. Just as the Rule of the Community (1QS), 4QTestimonia (4Q175) and 11QMelchizedek represent further developments in the traditions in relation to Malachi and Ben Sira, so too the New Testament, building upon pre-existing Jewish traditions, extends even further the future role of the eschatological prophet. The conception of the prophet as one who arrives prior to a messianic figure appears explicitly for the first time in the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Keywords: 11QMelchizedek (11Q13); 4QTestimonia (4Q175); Ben Sira; Dead Sea Scrolls; eschatological prophet; Malachi; Rule of the Community (1QS)



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