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Revelatory exegesis in second temple literary traditions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the material both from the canonical book of Daniel and the apocryphal compositions found only at Qumran. Many scholars point to Daniel's reinterpretation of Jeremiah's 'seventy years', prophecy when discussing the phenomenon of revelatory exegesis in Second Temple Judaism. Like Jeremiah's experience, Gabriel's revelatory exegesis is further conceptualized as the word of God. As prophets, both Daniel and Jeremiah have access to divinely revealed knowledge. For Pseudo-Daniel, the author suggested, this revelatory knowledge is imbedded within an ancient literary collection upon which Daniel was thought to draw. The chapter focuses on two particular examples where earlier revealed Scripture is rewritten in the Second Temple period: the collection of Pseudo-Ezekiel texts and the Temple Scroll. These two documents represent a rewriting of the prophetic story of Ezekiel and the revelation of Deuteronomic law to Moses, respectively.

Keywords: Deuteronomic law; Ezekiel; Gabriel; Jeremiah; Moses; Pseudo-Ezekiel texts; Qumran; revelatory exegesis; Second Temple Judaism; Temple Scroll



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