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Sapiential revelation in apocalyptic literature preserved at Qumran

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Chapter Summary

The apocalyptic texts often portray ancient inspired figures as experiencing revelation through the divine transfer of knowledge. To be sure, many of the recipients of revelation in apocalyptic literature are not generally understood as prophets within the biblical framework. This chapter examines the appearance of sapiential revelation in two central apocalyptic texts that are each featured prominently among the Qumran manuscripts - Daniel and 1 Enoch. 1 Enoch and Daniel represent well the heritage of apocalyptic literature from the late Second Temple period as well as the apocalyptic proclivity of the Qumran sectarian community. Recent scholarship on 1 Enoch has argued that 1 Enoch is the product of a distinct social group within Second Temple Judaism, usually identified as Enochic Judaism.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; apocalyptic literature; biblical prophets; Daniel; Qumran manuscripts; sapiential revelation; Second Temple Judaism



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