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Chapter Summary

The Qumran community and related segments of Second Temple Judaism reconfigured the classical models of prophecy and revelation, and rewrote the portrait of the ancient prophets. The presentation of the ancient prophets and their revelatory experience in these texts clarifies nascent conceptions of the function of a prophet and the modified modes of divine revelation regnant at Qumran and in wider segments of Second Temple Judaism. The new rubrics of prophecy and revelation applied to the ancient prophets find full expression in the sectarian and non-sectarian writings preserved in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Revelatory exegesis and sapiential revelation emerge as the primary ways in which Jews in the Second Temple period and at Qumran continued to access the word of God and mediate the divine will. The prophetic experience for the Qumran community had evolved beyond the classical models found in the Hebrew Bible.

Keywords: ancient prophets; Dead Sea Scrolls; God; Hebrew Bible; Qumran community; revelatory exegesis; sapiential revelation; Second Temple Judaism



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