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Open Access God’s Wise Purpose, Perpetual Activity And Self-Sufficiency

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God’s Wise Purpose, Perpetual Activity And Self-Sufficiency

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Chapter Summary

God does not emanate the world out of concern for the world itself, nor does God act for causes or purposes external to Himself because that would entail change in God. In Minhāj the shaykh claims that God's perpetual activity does not mean that any one thing in the world is eternal. Ibn Taymiyya asserts in Minhāj that everything except God is originated and preceded by nonexistence and that there is nothing eternal in the world. However, he also maintains that there have always been originating events of one sort or another in the universe. Ibn Taymiyya does more substantial theological work on God's self-sufficiency in Irāda and Minhāj by considering all-comprehensive character of God's acts instead of their ethical quality. Ibn Taymiyya portrays God's creation of the world as voluntary and dynamic, but this dynamic and voluntary creativity is nonetheless a necessary concomitant of God's essential and self-sufficient perfection.

Keywords: God's self-sufficiency; God's perpetual activity; Ibn Taymiyya; Irāda; Minhāj; Perpetual Activity; Self-Sufficiency; Wise

10.1163/ej.9789004158474.i-270.16
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