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Open Access God’s Creation And God’S Command

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God’s Creation And God’S Command

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses directly on how God creates human agency. The present chapter examines how the shaykh relates God's legislation, which imposes human obligation and responsibility, to God's all-encompassing creation. In several theodicean texts, Ibn Taymiyya sets out a four-fold typology on creation and command that classifies his polemical opponents and identifies his own view. Ibn Taymiyya argues that both the Qadarīs and the Jabrīs agree that something created by God cannot be subject to judgments of moral value by virtue of some inherent quality. Ibn Taymiyya devotes much effort to holding creation and command in balance without compromising one to the other and without succumbing to skepticism or irrationality. This chapter has shown how Ibn Taymiyya polemicizes against three currents which he believes fail to hold God's creation and God's command in proper balance.

Keywords: Creation; God's creation; God's Command; Ibn Taymiyya; Jabrīs; Qadarīs

10.1163/ej.9789004158474.i-270.25
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