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Open Access The Wise Purpose And Origin Of Evil

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The Wise Purpose And Origin Of Evil

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Ibn Taymiyya's three-fold typology for attributing evil including discussion of his views on God's names. It investigates the degree to which he believes that God's wise purposes may be known and his few suggestions as to what they are. The chapter shows how Ibn Taymiyya employs the metaphysical concept of evil as non-existence for moral and religious ends in Ḥasana and Fātiḥa. In a discussion linked to the evil attribution typology in Ḥasana, Ibn Taymiyya complains that two groups go astray on this issue. The first group, seeking to protect God from doing bad deeds, denies that God wills all things or creates human acts, while the second group asserts that God may create evil without a wise purpose. Ibn Taymiyya limits retribution to evil deeds and grounds good deeds solely in God's grace and blessing.

Keywords: evil; God's wise purposes; Ibn Taymiyya; Origin; Wise



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