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Open Access The Justice Of God And The Best Of All Possible Worlds

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The Justice Of God And The Best Of All Possible Worlds

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Chapter Summary

Ibn Taymiyya maintains that all Muslims and people of other faiths agree that God is just and exonerated of injustice, but he notes that people have different understandings of these terms. Ibn Taymiyya's discussions of the three basic types or ways of understanding God's justice in the Islamic tradition vary widely in completeness and length. Ibn Taymiyya explains that God makes humans commit evil and unjust acts for a wise purpose. Ibn Taymiyya does not explain what this wise purpose is but observes instead that this is a matter of God justly putting things in their places. A major difficulty with Ibn Taymiyya's optimism, with the conviction that God does only what is best, is that it endangers God's power. In the final analysis, speaking of God's justice for Ibn Taymiyya is about exalting God's wise and good creation of all things.

Keywords: God; God's justice; God's power; Ibn Taymiyya; Justice; Worlds

10.1163/ej.9789004158474.i-270.46
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