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Open Access Conclusion

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Chapter Summary

Ibn Taymiyya states that God's wise purpose in the creation of evil cannot be known and that it is only important to believe that God has a wise purpose in all that He does. Even though Ibn Taymiyya supplies educational and religious reasons for evil, he does not exploit two other explanations for evil adopted by some Muslim optimists. Ibn Taymiyya's approach to God's attributes and theological language differs from a number of others in the Islamic tradition. With the basic elements of Ibn Taymiyya's apologetic theological jurisprudence in view, his theodicy provides an important case study in its implementation. It seems likely that Ibn Taymiyya's egalitarian and non-esoteric approach to interpretation combined with his rationalization of the theological evidence in Islam's source texts is one reason many Muslims have been drawn to him in the rationalistic and egalitarian age of modernity.

Keywords: apologetic theological jurisprudence; Ibn Taymiyya; Islamic tradition; theological evidence



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