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The relations among spirituality and religiosity and Axis II functioning in two college samples

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Chapter Summary

Although there is a large literature linking religious and spiritual constructs to a wide range of mental and physical health outcomes, much less work has been done examining how the numinous relates to psychopathology, especially with regards to characterological impairment. The purpose of this report was twofold: (a) to examine how religious sentiments and spiritual motivations link with Axis II constructs, and (b) to evaluate the causal direction of that relationship. Two college student samples completed the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders Questionnaire, measures of Axis II characteristics. Structural Equation Modeling indicated that the model that posited Religious Crisis as a causal predictor of Axis II functioning was superior to models that hypothesized Religious Crisis as being caused by personality and psychopathology. The implications of these findings were discussed in this chapter.

Keywords: Axis II functioning; psychopathology; religious crisis; spirituality



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