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Mut Or Not? On The Meaning Of A Vulture Sign On The Hermitage Statue Of Amenemhat III

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Chapter Summary

The meaning of the vulture sign was beyond any doubt for Golénischeff, who translated the inscription as "Le dieu bon, source de richesses (mot à mot: faisant les choses) Māa-n- R ā fils du Soleil, issu de son flanc, Amenemh ā-t, ami (ce mot est emporté par une lacune) de la déesse Maut. According to Biri Fay, the two monuments are so similar that they seem to have been made in the same workshop; however, she definitely and convincingly discarded the possibility of the manufacture of the Hermitage statue in a Theban workshop and cast doubt on the interpretation of the vulture sign as the name of Mut. In a later paper, Fay demonstrated that the "slight upward pull at the corners of the lips" of the St. Petersburg statue is characteristic of the images of Amenemhat III produced in Lower Egyptian workshops.

Keywords: Amenemhat III; Biri Fay; hermitage statue; Mut; vulture sign



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