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XIX. The EU's policies of security of energy supply towards the Middle East and Caspian Region: Major power politics?

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Chapter Summary

Vast reserves of fossil fuels make the Greater Middle East (GME) region the centre of attention in terms of security of supply considerations of all major energy-consuming countries, most notably of the United States (US), China, India, and of the European Union (EU). Although energy security is on the EU’s agenda, the supranational nature of the EU inhibits it to pursue an external energy security policy in the same way as other consuming countries. Its power, mandate, and in many ways preparedness to execute a common foreign policy towards the GME, let alone as specific as a common foreign energy strategy, are limited. This chapter answers the questions of what role the EU wants to play in the GME region in relation to objectives of energy security, what role it can play in this respect, and whether the EU’s Middle East politics can be regarded as major power politics.

Keywords: China; energy security policy; European Union (EU); Greater Middle East (GME); India; major power politics; United States (US)



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