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X. The Maghreb: Social, Political, And Economic developments

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Chapter Summary

Due to its geographical position, events in the Middle East, the Sahel, and Europe have consequential effects on the Maghreb (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia). Together with Mauritania, the four countries founded in 1989 the Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), which aimed at regional integration. This chapter reviews the salient developments that occurred within each of the four Maghrebi countries and analyzes the ways through which the regimes seek to resolve the challenges they are faced with. It argues that the regimes in place have yet to open up the political space and allow genuine democratization to take place, for despite some genuine transformations in a few areas, the old rulers are still reluctant to loosen their grip over power. While they succeed in reestablishing order, the roots that generate cyclical uprisings remain intact. Civil society has yet to fulfill its full potential and enjoy genuine citizen participation.

Keywords: Algeria; Arab Maghreb Union (UMA); civil society; democratization; Libya; Maghreb; Morocco; Tunisia



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