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XI. From soviet republics to independent countries: Challenges of transition in Central Asia

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Chapter Summary

In the twentieth century, the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan passed through a complex historical period. They were originally founded as republics of the Soviet Union in the 1920s–30s as a result of national and territorial state delimitation. The Central Asian nations established contacts with foreign states and international organizations and started to form a system of interstate relations between the countries of the region. This chapter analyzes the national and territorial state delimitation in Central Asia in the 1920s–30s and the creation of the Central Asian national republics, as well as the process of nation-building in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods and presents interstate co operation in Central Asia and Eurasia. In particular, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC), Central Asian Cooperation Organization (CACO) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

Keywords: Central Asia; Central Asian Cooperation Organization (CACO); Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC); Kazakhstan; Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO); Soviet Union; Turkestan; Uzbekistan



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