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Primitive boats and Bronze Age construction features: Mesopotamia and the Persian Gulf

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an outline of design features of some primitive boats serving as a base to the understanding of early craft of the Bronze Age. It discusses construction features of watercraft. Construction of river and sea craft depended on the technology and materials readily available such as reeds (Typha spp., Phragmites australis and Phragmites communis) which were easy to harvest. Mesopotamia, situated as it is between two rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris, like Egypt with its Nile, is dependent entirely upon irrigation. Sailing down the Northern Persian Gulf probably meant hugging the coast, primarily because of sweet-water sources and sheltered harbour facilities. Inflated waterskins were used by Omani fishermen on the Southern Arabian coast, Bahrain and Iraq. The skins were prepared and tanned, then tied with an osier string or some other form.

Keywords: Bronze Age; construction features; Mesopotamia; Northern Persian Gulf; primitive boats



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