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Chapter Summary

The word seamanship is used to mean anything from the crew to the daily management of the ship, including aspects of its day-to-day working, such as the monsoon wind systems, planning the route, steering, rigging, sails, and the watch at sea. This chapter presents some essential features of seamanship in the Western Indian Ocean during the Early and Middle Medieval Islamic period. The crew is a company of men whose duty is to man a ship or a boat. The chapter describes the Western Indian Ocean as made up of three different seas, the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. The maritime calendar was divided into two halves, the south-west monsoon, from April to end of August and the north-east monsoon, from October to March. A combination of the star altitude measurements and compass bearings were the essentials with which the navigator established the route.

Keywords: Arabian Sea; crew; Medieval Islamic period; monsoon wind systems; Persian Gulf; Red Sea; route; seamanship; Western Indian Ocean



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